What are cannabis concentrates? Cannabis concentrates are products derived from cannabis flowers intensively processed to extract the most desirable compounds. The components collected are the psychoactive compounds tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabinoids and terpenes while removing excess plant material and other impurities.
Cannabis concentrates contain a higher percentage of cannabinoids and terpenes compared to natural cannabis flowers. Concentrates have higher absorption in the body, the effects of which are felt and experienced almost immediately.
Cannabis concentrates have significantly distinct benefits that you won’t find in smoking flowers. From natural, correct dosing to clean and sophisticated flavours, concentrates focus on the components in cannabis that are essential.
Read more on what are cannabis concentrates in this article.
What Are Cannabis Concentrates?
Concentrates are growing popular for many reasons. Cannabis concentrates are stronger than flowers, providing a more cost-effective way to consume cannabis. Because it is stronger, medical patients can achieve faster relief than flowers or edibles. Concentrates allow patients to resolve medical illnesses efficiently with a quick, large dose of cannabinoids.
Dabbing, by definition, refers to the action or practice of inhaling small quantities of concentrated and vaporized cannabis, allowing cannabis users to ingest more discreetly. Concentrate vapour does not linger on clothes or hang in the air like the combusted cannabis flowers.
Different Forms of Cannabis Concentrates
Wax and Budder
Wax is one of the most popular types of dabbling concentrates. The wax collected is from the blasting plant material using a closed-loop extraction system. The sediment collected then is heated at low temperatures and whipped vigorously to eliminate the remaining solvent.
Generally, the wax is drier and powdery than its complement, budder. Budder is primarily wax but with higher moisture content. The texture of budder is oily and elastic, while the wax is powdery and more firm. Budder contains a higher moisture content compared to wax because it is less whipped. Hydrocarbon extractions are similar, but its final touches determine the appearance and texture of the product outcome.
Just like wax and budder, Shatter is also made from blasting plant material with a solvent using a closed-loop system. Then, the slurry is collected onto parchment paper and placed in a vacuum oven for solvent removal. After the removal of the solvent as much as possible, shatter starts to crystallize spreading across the paper.
In achieving the desired texture or consistency of shatter, a period of 45 minutes to a full day in the oven is needed. Some instances may occur in the process of shattering that may not altogether remove the solvent, resulting in a taffy-like concentrate. While shatter is typically steady and easy to hold and crack, taffy is closer to budder in its texture and stability. Shatter differs in colour from light to dark amber and is high in terpene content, resulting in superior fragrance and flavour.
What are cannabis concentrates live resin? This is the process of creating live resin the same as wax. However, the products used in the process are fresh-frozen plant materials. By using deep-freezing preserved plant material, the outcome of the product has robust, exceptional terpene and cannabinoid profiles that are similar to the attributes of the live plant. Live resin is known for its excellent flavour and similarity to the fragrance and taste of the live plant.
It differs in colour from light amber to yellow-gold, and has a shiny looking appearance with a robust and rich smell. Recently, live resin development has diversified with many different consistencies and naming terminologies. There are currently many “live” products in the markets that contain high terpene and cannabinoid content extracted from the fresh-frozen starting material. Live sugar is a form of live resin resembling sugar crystals. It is frequently enjoyed by connoisseurs and beginner cannabis patients similarly.
One cannabis concentrate that is becoming more popular nowadays is the CO2 oil extract. This oil is a product of delicate fluid extraction and is achieved from large amounts of pressure and carbon dioxide viewed as an efficient process in separating plant material to produce an amber oil.
CO2 extraction is conventional in commercial extraction processes because the equipment used can adjust the results desired. Because CO2 is a naturally occurring substance, it is commonly considered as a natural solvent with fewer health concerns than butane, propane, or other hydrocarbons.
CO2 is probably the most-preferred among other extracted oils because it’s incredibly efficient and gives purer, a cleaner product with little processing and low solvent residual. Typically, CO2 oil is found frequently in pre-filled oil containers for vaporizers.
Distillates use highly technical scientific equipment to heat and vaporize the THC and CBD within the flower, bringing the vapour into a cooling system for combining and eventual collection into beakers. This process is conducted repeatedly to create pure cannabinoids while removing residual solvents or plant matter. Short path distillation is used to split cannabinoids from contaminants to create a clean, clear final product. The procedure of short path distillation leaves little terpene content. They vanish in the extraction process due to the heat temperature used. However, extraction artists and companies are introducing terpenes into the post-extraction process to create specific and more desirable flavours.
Rick Simpson Oil (RSO)
Rick Simpson Oil (or RSO) is sought after because of its extremely potent decarboxylated concentrate extract consumed orally. It uses pure light aliphatic naphtha to eliminate resin containing the cannabinoids, resulting in dark, gummy products with THC levels up to 90% and an earthy flavour. This particular form is often used for medicinal purposes, as developed famously by Rick Simpson, who managed his cancer with RSO. RSO is regarded as an early example of solvent-based concentrates.
Options For Cannabis Concentrates
The most usual method of consuming concentrates involves using a dab rig combined with a small butane torch to heat a nail for the focus to evaporate. However, a more distinct and safer method that is frequently becoming popular is the portable vaporizer pen or e-rig.
Dabbing with Rigs
Dabbing is the method that is used mainly by the majority of cannabis concentrate experts. It is very popular because there are various ways to customize your rig and attachments. Cannabis concentrate enthusiasts often use this process to express themselves and personalize their ideal dabbing experience.
The method of dabbing is also more intricate than smoking weed. While weed can be relatively easy to load into a pipe, bong, blunt or joint, a few more tools are needed for dabs. To entirely consume cannabis concentrates, a torch, a rig with a titanium or quartz nail and dabbing tools are required. The titanium or quartz nail is slipped in place of a conventional sliding bowl heated by the torch.
What are cannabis concentrates? Like with weed, there are numerous ways to consume cannabis concentrates. Some are more convenient than others, but in the end, it’s a matter of personal liking.